Cisco Router as DHCP Relay Agent

DHCP (Dynamic host configuration protocol) helps us to provide IP addresses to the client machine automatically. In this process there are only two nodes in network but if we have different scenario to get IP Addresses from Server automatically in that case how it works and how we configure our router as DHCP Relay Agent. Lets check it out…

Here you will find one scenario in which server router is not in a same broadcast domain but still is able to provide IP Addresses to client machine automatically. See the scenario given below.

Now here you can see that very first router is DHCP Server router and second router is inter-mediator between server router to client router. Now the question is that if first router is server and third one is client then how DHCP server will provide IP Addresses to client router’s network. So here is the configuration of the Relay Agent router which is second number router.

RelayAgent(config)#int f0/0

RelayAgent(config-if)#ip address 192.168.1.1 255.255.255.0 RelayAgent(config-if)#no shutdown

RelayAgent(config)#int f0/1

RelayAgent(config-if)#ip address 192.168.2.1 255.255.255.0 RelayAgent(config-if)#no shutdown

Now do configuration on Client router DHCP_CLIENT(config)#int f0/0 DHCP_CLIENT(config-if)#no shutdown

Now do configuration on server router

DHCP_SERVER(config)#int f0/0

DHCP_SERVER(config-if)#ip address 192.168.2.2 255.255.255.0

DHCP_SERVER(config-if)#no shutdown

DHCP_SERVER(config)#ip dhcp pool NET1

DHCP_SERVER(dhcp-config)#network 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0

DHCP_SERVER(dhcp-config)#default-router 192.168.1.1

DHCP_SERVER(dhcp-config)#exit These all are very basic commands of every router which we made. Now the main command will come which will make relay agent link between these two routers. You have to run this command on second router which is Relay Agent router. RelayAgent(config)#int f0/0

RelayAgent(config-if)#ip helper-address 192.168.2.2

RelayAgent(config-if)#exit

This DHCP Relay Agent command will take IP Addresses from server router and will provide them to the network where these IP Addresses are actually required.

RelayAgent#show ip int fa0/0

FastEthernet0/0 is up, line protocol is up (connected)

Internet address is 192.168.1.1/24

Broadcast address is 255.255.255.255

Address determined by setup command

MTU is 1500 bytes

Helper address is 192.168.2.2

Make sure that for this Relay Agent practical you need to do routing first. And you practical will be done on Cisco Packet tracer or at GNS3… Save Save

Shared Hosting, VPS and Dedicated Servers.

Shared Hosting : Shared hosting is also well-known Web hosting, so in web hosting the service provider administer pages for multiple Web sites, individual have its own Internet domain name, from specific Web server. For sites which are not high-traffic, a shared account is excellent because they are reasonable than VPS or Dedicated accounts. Advantages :shared hosting

  • Very cost effective.
  • A enormous way to get initiated with an online existence.
  • No requirement for customer interruption for system issues.
  • Very efficiently scaled across the three shared account hosting types.

Disadvantages :

  • Outbound email is barred to 500 per hour.
  • Root access not grant.
  • Must have C-Panel.
  • Less capability to customize.

Dedicated Servers : A dedicated server is an particular computer in a network composed for serving the specification of the network. Advantages :

  • A Dedicated server is a natural server that is limited to you.dedicated servers
  • CPanel elective.
  • Root access grant.
  • No outbound email conditions.
  • Extensive resources for high-traffic sites.
  • Entire control over every level of your server.
  • Capability to compute more RAM, bigger disks or RAIDs.

Disadvantages :

  • More valuable than shared or VPS accounts.

VPS (Virtual Private Server) : A VPS is the next step over shared hosting. A VPS is static kind of like a shared account in that a few resources of the parent server are common by all the child servers. Advantages :

  • Still very cost effective, as correlated with Dedicated servers.
  • The next step up from a shared account for sites enhancing increasingly.
  • Very customizable.
  • Reseller facilitate

Disadvantages :

  • More costly than a shared account.
  • Still sharing few resources with different customers on the server, so there can be conflicts with server load or memory

How to write effective Resume?

Industrial training in ChandigarhA resume is a medium for advertising yourself, it’s the first most means which you use to present yourself and try to claim that you are the best choice to your prospects employer. You have to prepare your resume in such a way that it gives impression in first look that you are a perfect fit for the job you have applied. An employer hardly takes 10-15 seconds to make a decision about your interview call after looking at your resume. If your resume is well written then definitely you will be in the shortlisted candidates does not matter you have required potential or not but you will get a call.

Heading

• Type your name at the top in caps with large, bold type. Include your address, phone number, and email address. If you plan to move while your resume is in use, include your school address and your permanent address.

Objective

• Get focused on your job objective before writing the rest of the resume and tailor the resume to the job and the field.

• Clearly state the position you are seeking and whether it is a full-time or part-time job or an internship. You can also include the industry and any skills you want to emphasize. Avoid vague phrases that focus on what you will gain from the experience. Everything that follows on the resume should support the objective.

Education

• Identify your degree, major, graduation date, and school.

• Include education abroad and any relevant vocational schools, certificates, and job training.

• You may include your GPA if it is 3.0 or higher. Employer expectations may vary.

Course Listings

• You may include a short list of courses to show experience, training, or knowledge in the field as long as they are relevant to the job objective.

Skills

• Make your skills the selling point of your resume. Include specific skills that pertain to your objective such as computer languages, technical skills, and lab techniques. You may also include interpersonal and adaptive skills such as communication, leadership, writing research, teamwork, etc.

• Be sure to back up each skill on your resume with specific and convincing evidence.

Experience

• If you have extensive experience, some of it unrelated to your objective, use two subsections: related and additional.

• Use your most important and relevant experience to convince the employer that you have the skills necessary to do the job. In this section articulate your accomplishments clearly and concisely using active voice to present evidence of your skills.

Optional information

• You can include professional and extracurricular affiliations and activities, honors and awards, and sports.

Items to avoid

• Keep references on a separate sheet and give to the employer when asked. • Omit your age, religious or political affiliations, marital status, or other personal data, which could be used to screen you out.

Formatting

• Keep your resume to one page unless you have extensive related experience.

• Organize headings so that the most important points are first.

• Invite the readers’ attention by using open space, wide margins, and bullets to set off text.

• Use good quality white or off-white paper.

• Use clear and dark 10-12 point type.

• Spell and punctuate perfectly. Proofread several times.

• Special formatting for scanned, emailed or online resumes

PHP training In Chandigarh

PHP is Open Source and Cross Platform, executing on UNIX, Linux, MS Windows, Apple Mac, and more, and is generally used with an OS-CP database and web server such as MySql and Apache. Thus PHP will work on the operating system and hardware that directly suits your applications and organization. Why One Should Join PHP training in Chandigarh? PHP training in Chandigarh PHP is very simple, known with multi platform.PHP is too familiar to web based application like facebook.com and Web CMS platforms developed based on PHP such as WordPress, Joomla, Drupal etc. PHP is popular because of its largest community. Here are some of the reasons why you should join a PHP Course:

  • PHP Course is Industry Oriented. PHP is latest in technology not like many languages which are taught at college level. PHP Course is industry oriented and thus one should learn under good teachers.
  • You can get the desired web development job through PHP course. Most of the young graduates are nowadays looking to learn it, as it offers best salary package in India and has great future ahead.

PHP VS Other Languages:

PHP

OTHER LANGUAGES

PHP is faster and more productive for complex programming tasks. Other languages are slower and more cumbersome than PHP, with less overall stability.
PHP runs on nearly every modern platform in existence. Other languages like Cold Fusion, ASP are only available on Windows, Solaris, Linux, MacOS, and AIX.
There are no costs associated with using PHP, including updates. PHP is free for anyone to use. Other scripting languages require paid hosting.

PHP course in Chandigarh We provide real-time and placement focused PHP training in Chandigarh. Our PHP course includes basic to advanced level and our Php course is designed to get the placement in good IT companies as quickly as once you complete the Php course. We have construct our Php course and syllabus based on students requirement to achieve everyone’s career goal. In our Php Course in Chandigarh, you will learn PHP coding, MySQL, jQuery, AJAX, Content Management System (CMS) tools like Joomla, WordPress, Drupal, PHP real time project.

Best PHP training institute in Chandigarh Career Scope for PHP fresher’s: Good opportunities in IT companies in the area of web services, internet development as PHP developer, many of IT companies are using PHP for web programming. For a better chance in IT, one need to have good knowledge of scripting, programming and good database knowledge of any one (Oracle, MY SQL).Learning PHP with database will push you to the top of industry. Huge scope for PHP fresher’s to start your career as web developer, PHP programmer because PHP is doing good better than other tools.

PHP industrial training in Chandigarh Benefits of PHP training in Chandigarh at CBitss PHP training in Chandigarh will help you learning and commanding the PHP concepts. After completing the PHP Course in Chandigarh, you will be able to work on PHP based projects.

What is Directory Submission and its benefits ?

Digital marketing course in Chandigarh
Get high ranking with SEO training in Chandigarh

Directory Submission is one of the best strategies for our website to gain popularity on the web. It is the essential step taken by marketers to upgrade link reputation of a website. This admirable method advice in gaining quality one-way coming back links which perform crucial aspect in optimization strategy. The quality of the incoming links extremely enhances search engine rankings & visibility of our site on internet. In other words, Directory Submission is just introduce to the process of adding our web site to a web directory.   Types of Directory Submission Primarily, there are three types of directory submissions that are: SEO training in Chandigarh

  1. Basic Directory Submission
  2. Normal Directory Submission
  3. Multiple URL Directory Submission
  1. Basic Directory Submission This form of directory submission facilitate us to use single URL, numerous titles and single description to be submitted in distinct directories. This is excellent if we target for individual keywords.
  2. Normal Directory Submission The normal form of directory submission grant you to use numerous descriptions along with individual URL and multiple titles. This is effective if you wish to naturalize the back links developed.
  3. Multiple URL Directory Submission It confess the users to use up to 10 internal URLs within same site onward with numerous descriptions and multiple titles. This is hugly suitable for spreading back links to multiple pages of same site.

Benefits of Directory submission :

  • Directory submission used to increase back links of website.
  • It uses Anchor texts for hyperlinks to our website link reputation or popularity.
  • Directory submission helps in permanent listing in another websites.
  • Guarantees in impressive search engine indexing.
  • Niche Directory Website listing helps to get significant back links.

Why we use fragments in Android ?

A Fragment is a section of an activity which facilitate more modular activity design. It will not be wrong if we say, a fragment is a amiable of sub-activity. A fragment substitute a behavior or segment of user interface in an Activity. You can associate multiple fragments in a single enterprise to build a multi-pane UI and change a fragment in numerous activities. You can consider a fragment as a commutable section of an activity, which has its individual lifecycle, accept its peculiar input events, and which you can add or remove while the activity is executing .

  • A fragment has its own design and its own behavior with its individual lifecycle callbacks.
  • You can add or remove fragments in an enterprise while the activity is running.
  • You can merge multiple fragments in a single activity to frame a multi-pane UI.
  • A fragment can be used in numerous activities.
  • Fragment life cycle is firmly related to the lifecycle of its presenter activity.
  • When the activity is stoped, all the fragments usable in the acivity will also be interrupted.
  • A fragment can appliance a behavior that has no user interface fundamental.
  • Fragments were joined to the Android API in version of android Honeycomb which API version 11.
  • Encapsulation of logic.
  • Exceptional handle of the lifecycle of the fragment.
  • Renewable in other active.

Ten things our smartphones earlier have or will finally replace :

  1. GPS Devices
  2. Landline Phones
  3. Books
  4. Music Players
  5. Wallets
  6. Remote & Switches
  7. Cameras
  8. Video Games
  9. Cable TV
  10. Watches / Clocks

Why we should learn Android mobile application?

With Android Operating System (OS) Kitkat version 4.4 circum out to mobile devices beyond the globe. Features of Android :Android-courses-in-Chandigarh There are so many appearance of Android :

  1. Near field communication : Most Android devices hold NFC, which grant electronics devices to efficiently collaborate with short distances.
  1. No touch control : Using Android apps such as Wave Control, end users can control their phones touch free, using only signal.
  1. Automation : The taker app lets you not only control app acceptance but also automatize them.
  1. Infrared Transmission : The Android Operating system supports a in-built infrared transmitter, concede you to use your phone or tablet as a remote control.
  1. Alternate Keyboards : Android support numerous keyboards and makes them accessible to install; the SwiftKey, Skype and 8pen apps all endeavor way to rapidly change up your keyboard pattern.
  1. Widgets : Apps are accomplished, but frequently you want information at a glance in place of having to open an app and wait for it to load. Android widgets let you demonstrate just about any factor you choose, right on the home screen—including weather apps, music widgets, or productivity tools that helpfully prompt you of upcoming meetings or coming deadlines.
  1. Storage and Battery swap : Android phones also have individual hardware effectiveness. Google’s OS makes it feasible to remove and enhance your battery or to recover one that no longer holds a charge. In extension, Android phones come with SD card slots for expansive storage.
  1. Custom Rooms : Because the Android operating system is open source, developers can tease the current OS and build their own versions, which end users can download and install in field of the stock OS. Some are full with features, while others modified the look and feel of a device. Chances are if there is a facet you want, someone has previously built a custom ROM for it.
  1. Wireless app downloader : Accessing app stores on any mobile device can be confront, but IOS makes it a slight more challenging—download an app on your computer, and it won’t sync to your mobile device as for as you plug in and access iTunes.
  1. Custom Home Screen : While it’s feasible to hack assured phones to personalize the home screen, Android comes with this proficiency from the get-go. Download a third-party launcher like Nova, Apex or Slide and you can add gestures, new shortcuts, or even performance improvement for older-model devices.

Why developer choose PHP for a Website ?

PHP industrial training in Chandigarh PHP, which is known by Hypertext Preprocessor. PHP is an open source and server side programming language. For creating dynamic websites, it is available at free of cost. When we think to create dynamic websites, a certain type of things comes to our mind like usability, adaptability, flexibility, scalability. PHP is the programming language that cover all these opinion that is why today large numbers of web developers are alter their technology in the direction of PHP.

PHP is Open Source : PHP is available to use without paying a single rupee. PHP is usable under General Public License (GPL). Along with PHP, all complementary software that you need for PHP development like MySQL, Editors, Servers, frameworks, CMS also accessible free of cost. • PHP is cross platform : PHP is compatible with all prominent operating systems and web servers. PHP can easily escape beyond multiple platforms like Linux, UNIX, Windows, Solaris and also cooperative with servers like Apache, IIS.

• PHP is very Simple language : PHP is actually simple technology. PHP is based on the approach of simple C and C++ language so if you have a little environment with object oriented programming, then you can efficiently work with PHP. When we use PHP technology, it does not need to associated with other system resource that is why PHP is certainly fast and grant fast outputs. You can also use numerous CMS systems to grasp the PHP web contents like WordPress, Joomla and Drupal. Best concept about these CMS systems is that they applicable free of cost. • PHP have Full Support : One more asset of using PHP is that it has full support from PHP association. A large number of allusion, tutorials, Guidelines and technical guideline is available on internet. There are many association which full time support for PHP developers.

• PHP provides fast Output : PHP can easily run with other software applicable in system so it can provide fast outputs. PHP exploit its own memory space on server rather than establish an expansion that is why it helps to diminish the working load of server. • PHP provide exceptional Returns : PHP has the ability to create pleasant dynamic websites so it is able to fascinate more visitors and make sure that they survive on site for a long time. This norm helps to gain more and better reaction for our business.

• PHP is Secure : PHP administer better security for vicious attacks. Security level for malicious attacks can be calmly managed in .ini file of PHP. • PHP has Extensions: PHP is open source language and its expansion are easily possible to download from internet and you do not need to concern because all the extensions are openly available.

• PHP can be calmly Embedded : If you have an static website which is manufactured in HTML and now you want to add dynamic stuff on that website, You can easily encapsulated the PHP into that static code very efficiently. • Highly Acceptable : PHP is used from last two decades since it was popularized in 1995. It is authorized by many large and small scale industries. It is largely endorsed for its flexibility, adaptability, and easy to learn capability.

How to embed Google Map in a Website

Google map is used to just showing our location, in which we show that where we are situated in this world. Embed Google Map is a plugin. That is used for embedding one or more Google Maps to Word Press posts, pages, text widgets and templates. To add a map is very simple, just add the address or the coordinates which locale you want to show on a map inner Google map tags to a post or a page or a text object or a template.

The plugin platform Google Maps, Google Maps Classic and Google Maps impact API. The version to be used can be fixed by using the Version setting. Google Maps and Google Maps Classic do not have need an API key, but for Google Maps Embed API an API key is required alternately.

It is possible to define the version of Google Maps, the type of the map (normal, satellite, hybrid), the language of the Google Maps interface, form labels, zoom level, border layout, the size of the map, and link to the full size map. Both HTTP and HTTPS protocols are promoted. The default settings defined in the admin panel are used for all the maps in the site, and they can be dictate for particular maps.

Features

  • Support for [google_map] shortcode.
  • Define Google Maps version to be used.
  • Define the language of the Google Maps network.
  • To define the zoom level.
  • To define the custom/form labels.
  • We can show/hide the info label.
  • Define the width of border, style of border and color of border.
  • Add link to the full size map.
  • Define the link label.
  • Define the normal, satellite, hybrid, terrain type of the map.
  • Define the map size.
  • Support for HTTP and HTTPS.
  • It is possible to impact one or more Google Maps within a post, page, text widget or template.
  • The address or the coordinates which location is shown on a map is given as a framework.

Different types of Android Versions

Android 6.0 Marshmallow (Latest version till March)

Android course in Chandigarh

Android 6.0 Marshmallow was announced on May 2015, but it named as Marshmallow on August 2015. And Google finally unveiled Android 6.0 Marshmallow on September 29, 2015.

Features of Android 6.0 Marshmallow :

  • Android Marshmallow will support fingerprint scanners on phones natively.
  • App links, also acknowledged as Intents, is a feature where if you click on a link in your email or a text message, it asks you what app you would like to open it with.
  • With Android 6.0, you can set up automatic backups, which will back up apps and app environment to your Google Drive storage.

Android 5.1 Lollipop

Android training ChandigarhAndroid 5.1 Lollipop was announced on November, 2014.

Features of Android 5.1 Lollipop :

  • It sync with other Android devices and systems.
  • Android Smart Lock pairs your appliance with other trusted devices (such as a sanctioned smartwatch) as a means of authenticating your identity.
  • Amplified audio support allows for connection to a new dimension of audio equipment, including USB microphones, speakers, mixers and more.
  • Phone theft is still a excessive issue, so Android 5.1 has a few new device security features.

Android 4.4 Kitkat

Android 4.4 Kitkat was announced on September 3, 2013.

Features of Android 4.4 Kitkat :

  • The new phone app now automatically compile the users contacts depend on the people they talk to the most.
  • The lock-screen widgets for music and movies apps now also endeavor the option to explore and jump to a specific part.
  • Android 4.4 offers native platform base for printing, and includes APIs for operating printing and adding new types of printer support, according to Google.
  • Apps that offer video can access the users highlight settings and adjust the display of the captions as per the users alternative.

Android 4.1 Jelly Bean

Jelly Bean was announced in June 2012. In android version numbers, it may not be a big jump, but it adds some important Android updates.

Features of Android 4.1 Jelly Bean :

  • View photos you have taken rapidly by swiping from the camera to filmstrip view.
  • Instead of simply show a list of Google web links after searching, Google Search results can now display answers to questions.
  • Notifications now include spare information, such as photos or subject lines in emails.
  • Widgets and apps politely move out of the way when you add new ones.
  • A new gestures mode to improve convenience for blind users. In combination with speech output, it navigate the UI using touch and swipe gestures.

Android 4.0 Ice cream Sandwich

Android Ice cream Sandwich was well-established in May 2011. Android 4.0 Ice cream Sandwich was accomplish to merge Gingerbread together with Honeycomb.

Features of Android Ice cream sandwich :

  • More storage space for apps.
  • It improve speed of browser and smother browser.
  • Menu button is replaced with a new action bar.
  • For unlocking your phone, face recognition method is used.
  • New video effects used for changing your look.

Android 3.0 and 3.1 Honeycomb

Honeycomb 3.1 was announced in May 2011. Without connecting to a computer, Android 3.1 adds base for plugging USB flash drives into your tablet to transfer files.

Features of Android Honeycomb :

  • Home screens appear to rotate on a 3D roundabout as you swipe through them.
  • Widgets are bigger and bolder to suit the tablet-size screen.
  • A larger, multi-touch keyboard lets you hold down multiple keys to transiently switch between letters and numbers.

Android 2.3 Gingerbread

Gingerbread 2.3 was announced in December 2010. Android 2.3.3 was coming on phones in April 2011. It added new feature, the ability to run app for single core phone is designed for dual core processors.

Features of  Android 2.3 Gingerbread :

  • You can keep your eye on everything that you downloaded by a download manager.
  • Apps are shuffled more accurately in the background, and it saving our battery and processing power.
  • Front-facing camera used to support video calling and for your emo.
  • On-screen keyboard gains number of shortcuts on the top and cursor help to select and copy text.

Android 2.2 Froyo

Froyo 2.2 was announced in May 2010.

Features of Android 2.2 Froyo :

  • The portable Wi-Fi hotspot lets you contribute your phone’s 3G Internet connection with your other gadgets, over Wi-Fi.
  • If your phone has a flash, it can be used to lighten your videos, too.
  • Your settings merged your contacts and email in backing up to Google’s servers.
  • Better Bluetooth affinity with docks and in-car speakers, and the addition of voice dialling over Bluetooth.

Android 2.0 and 2.1 Éclair

Android 2.0 was entrenched in November 2009 and Android 2.1 Éclair was established in January 2010.

Features of Android Éclair :

  • Support for multiple Google accounts lets you stock up on all your Gmail.
  • Searching within text messages and MMS messages.
  • Camera settings including platform for a flash, digital zoom, white balance and colour effects.
  • The Web brower gets a rejuvenate with a new address bar and thumbnails for a sneak peek at your bookmarks.

Android 1.6 Donut

Android 1.6 Donut was announced in October 2009. 

Features of Android 1.6 Donut :

  • Support for more screen immovability opened the door to Android phones of distinct sizes.
  • Google Maps exploration added free turn-by-turn sat-nav.

Android 1.5 Cupcake

Android 1.5 Cupcake was announced in May 2009.

Features of Android 1.5 Cupcake :

  • Video recording was added to the camera, and the capability to upload videos successive to YouTube helped fulfil our dreams of immortality.
  • Stereo Bluetooth facility provide you listen to music without using wires.
  • The Web browser gets a speed improvement and copy and paste function.

Android 1.0 and 1.1

Android 1.0 and 1.1 was announced in 2008 and it is made by HTC.

Features of Android 1.0 and 1.1 :

  • The Android Market served up apps without the stringent entry rules of the Apple App Store, leading to a responsive selection of apps, ranging from the abstract to the incredible.
  • The Android browser made sieving the Web on your phone a ease rather than a pain, thanks to the ability to distribute pages rapidly and accurately.
  • Google Maps used the phone’s GPS and Wi-Fi to analyze your location on an immeasurable map, so you need never be vanished again.
  • Identify with our contacts and email online initially made us suspicious of sharing all our data with Google, but our privacy concerns were soon overcome by the erect convenience of achieve everything, from anywhere.